EC 2017 Workshop on Forecasting

June 27th, 2017
At the ACM Conference on Economics and Computation, Cambridge MA.
MIT Stata Center, Room (UPDATED) 32-144

Organizers: Rafael Frongillo, David Rothschild, Bo Waggoner.

About

Gathering, incentivizing, and aggregating information from the crowd, as well as tapping vast sources of other data, has become the cornerstone of modern forecasting techniques. This workshop aims to bring together theoreticians, empiricists, and practicioners to discuss the elicitation and aggregation of information for prediction making, which has been an emerging theme in the EC community over the last several years. To foster inclusion both across areas and to newcomers, the format mixes evenly between high-level, "overview" talks from invited speakers, and contributed talks on recent work.

More details (pdf).




Schedule Overview

All events take place on Tuesday, June 27. Each session includes a mix of invited speakers and short talks.

Location: MIT Stata Center, Room (UPDATED) 32-144

 
9:00am - 10:30am Session 1
Invited Speaker: Eric Zitzewitz, Dartmouth
 
10:30am - 11:00am Coffee break
 
11:00am - 12:30pm Session 2
Invited Speaker: Jon Kleinberg, Cornell
 
12:30pm - 2:00pm Lunch
 
2:00pm - 3:30pm Session 3
Invited Speakers: Jens Witkowski, ETH Zurich; John McCoy, MIT
 
3:30pm - 4:00pm Coffee break
 
4:00pm - 5:30pm Session 4
Invited Speaker: Jenn Wortman Vaughan, Microsoft



Detailed Schedule

Location: MIT Stata Center, Room (UPDATED) 32-144

9:00 - 10:30 Session 1
9:00 Opening remarks
9:05 Eric Zitzewitz Trump's Election and Stock Returns
  Prior to the 2016 election, stock markets reacted to election news as if Trump's election was expected to cause declines in global stocks, emerging market currencies, oil, and interest rates. When Trump actually won, initial market movements in the predicted direction were followed by a rally in US stocks. This rally was especially pronounced in stocks expected to do well under a President Trump. So-called "Trump Trade" stocks continued to appreciate through Trump's inauguration, but in March to May 2017, these movements had more than completely reversed. I discuss the extent to which "Trump Trade" stocks can be used as a supplement to prediction markets to track the President's political fortunes.
9:55 Patrick Kane and Stephen Broomell Detecting Systematic Errors in Forecasting with Kernel Smoothers: Evidence for Environmental Noise Propagation
10:10 Pranjal Awasthi, Avrim Blum, Nika Haghtalab, and Yishay Mansour (Lightning talk) Efficient PAC Learning from the Crowd
10:15 Reshmaan Hussam, Natalia Rigol, and Ben Roth Targeting High Ability Entrepreneurs Using Community Information: Mechanism Design in the Field
 
10:30 - 11Coffee break
 
11:00 - 12:30 Session 2
11:00 Jon Kleinberg Human Decisions and Machine Predictions in Judicial Settings
  We compare human and algorithmic decision-making in a context with important policy implications: judicial decisions on bail. By law, such decisions hinge on a judge’s prediction of what a defendant would do if released; it is thus a promising machine learning application because it is a concrete prediction task for which there is a large volume of data available. Yet comparing algorithms to judges in this setting proves complicated: the data are themselves generated by prior judge decisions, and we only observe crime outcomes for released defendants, not for those whom the judges detained. We develop a set of techniques for dealing with these challenges, and explore a set of further issues, including questions of algorithmic fairness, and a set of analyses that focus on predicting judges' decisions as a way of gaining insight into their decision-making.
This is joint work with Himabindu Lakkaraju, Jure Leskovec, Jens Ludwig, and Sendhil Mullainathan.
11:50 Daniel Benjamin, David Mandel and Jonathan Kimmelman Can Cancer Researchers Accurately Judge Whether Preclinical Reports Will Reproduce?
12:05 Itai Arieli, Yakov Babichenko, and Rann Smorodinsky Forecast Aggregation
12:20 Discussion period
 
12:30 - 2Lunch
 
2:00 - 3:30 Session 3
2:00 John McCoy Crowd Wisdom and the Surprisingly Popular Answer
  We consider the problem of aggregating many people’s judgments on a single question when no outside information about their competence is available. Standard methods for solving this problem select the most popular answer, after correcting for variations in confidence. We present an alternative method: elicit from respondents their predictions about the answers given by others, and select the answer that is more popular than people predict. We prove that under a standard model of Bayesian respondents with asymmetric information our new method strictly outperforms standard methods. We empirically validate our method in a variety of domains, including art valuation and medical diagnosis. I will conclude with a sampling of our ongoing work developing these methods, including an application to forecasting. This is joint work with Drazen Prelec and Sebastian Seung.
2:30 Pavel Atanasov, Jens Witkowski, Lyle Ungar, Philip Tetlock, and Barbara Mellers Small Steps to Prediction Accuracy
2:45 Jens Witkowski Proper Proxy Scoring Rules
  Proper scoring rules can be used to incentivize a forecaster to truthfully report her private beliefs about the probabilities of future events and to evaluate the relative accuracy of forecasters. While standard scoring rules can score forecasts only once the associated events have been resolved, many applications would benefit from instant access to proper scores. We introduce proxy scoring rules, which generalize proper scoring rules and, given access to an appropriate proxy, allow for immediate scoring of probabilistic forecasts without access to event outcomes. In particular, we suggest a proxy-scoring generalization of the popular quadratic scoring rule, and characterize its incentive and accuracy evaluation properties theoretically. Moreover, using a proxy that is computed from other forecasters' forecasts, we evaluate proxy scoring experimentally on data from a large real world geopolitical forecasting tournament. Our results show that proxy scoring is competitive with proper scoring, especially when the number of questions is small.
Joint work w/ Pavel Atanasov, Lyle H. Ungar, and Andreas Krause.
3:15 Discussion period
 
3:30 - 4Coffee break
 
4:00 - 5:30 Session 4
4:00 Jenn Wortman Vaughan Self-financed Wagering Mechanisms: What’s Been Done and What’s to Come
  Wagering mechanisms allow a principal to elicit the beliefs of a group of agents without taking on any risk. Each agent specifies a belief, her subjective estimate of the likelihood of a future event, along with a monetary budget or wager, the maximum amount that she is willing to lose. The agents’ wagers are then collected by the principal and, after the truth is revealed, redistributed to the agents in such a way that agents with more accurate predictions are more highly rewarded. Since agents directly report their beliefs, the principal is able to leverage the wisdom of crowds to obtain an accurate consensus forecast for the event, for example by computing an average.
In this talk, I’ll begin by motivating and describing the class of Weighted-Score Wagering Mechanisms, the unique wagering mechanisms to simultaneously satisfy a set of desirable properties including strict budget balance and incentive compatibility. I’ll then discuss two problems with these mechanisms, Pareto inefficiency (that is, low stakes) and the ability for certain agents to profit regardless of the final outcome, and will describe new wagering mechanisms that have been introduced to overcome these flaws. Along the way, I’ll touch on connections between wagering mechanisms and other market mechanisms including market scoring rules and parimutuel markets.
4:50 Rahul Deb, Mallesh Pai, and Maher Said Evaluating Strategic Forecasters
5:05 Xintong Wang (Lightning talk) Market Making with Liquidity Adaptation via Learning Rate Tuning
5:10 Rupert Freeman, Sebastien Lahaie, and David Pennock Crowdsourced Outcome Determination in Prediction Markets
5:25 Closing remarks



Important Dates




Submission Instructions

We invite submissions on the following topics: forecasting, information elicitation, forecast aggregation, elicitation interfaces which encourage accuracy, mechanisms combining elicitation and aggregation, forecast evaluation, and related topics. We will favor submissions of broader potential interest to both theoretical and applied audiences and those likely to spark interesting discussions and future work.

Submission page: https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=ecfw2017

Submissions consist of two components:

Submissions will be kept confidential. There will not be any published proceedings.

Upon acceptance, submissions will be invited as either poster or oral presentations.

Submission Deadline: 1 May 2017, 11:59:00 PM PDT